Amerindians and Inuit

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At present, the 10 Amerindian nations and the Inuit nation, totalling some 70,000 inhabitants, account for approximately 1% of Québec's population.

General

Governments

Federal

Québec

Note: Indian affairs is a federal jurisdiction in Canada.

In 1985, by a resolution of the National Assembly, the Parliament of Québec recognized the existence of aboriginal nations within Quebec's territory. In virtue of the resolution, the National Assembly recognized:

  1. the right of the aboriginal peoples to autonomy in Québec;
  2. the right to their culture, language and traditions;
  3. the right to own and control land, the right to hunt, fish, harvest;
  4. the right to participate in the management of wildlife resources;
  5. the right to participate in the economic development of Québec and to benefit from such development.

That framework was used for the negotiation of various agreements ever since:

Native

Inuit

Abenakis

Algonquins

Attikameks

Crees

Wendat

Malecites

Micmacs

Mohawks

Innu