User:Liberlogos/Kosovo and us

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Kosovo and us
February 20, 2008

Excerpt translated by Benoît Rheault from:

Le blogue de Joseph Facal

It is quite a thing to see the zeal with which our federalist elites explain us that Kosovo and Quebec have have nothing, strictly nothing to do with each other.

The differences between Quebec and Kosovo are indeed numerous and deep. But the interest of the Kosovar case is elsewhere.

For years, people seeks to convince Quebecers that there would be, throughout the world, but only one and single way of obtaining independence. We see now that this question is infinitely more complex.

False evidences

For example, we have been told for a long time that those who wished to leave had to get the permission of the State they wanted to leave, which excluded by definition a unilateral declaration of independence. Kosovo illustrates that another way is theoretically possible.

From time immemorial, we have been presented as gospel the idea that almost unanimous recognition of the international community would be needed. Nothing as such here. Even powers like China and Russia are opposed to the independence of Kosovo.

No referendum in Kosovo either. Obviously, it would be pure madness to start arguing that a referendum would not be necessary in the case of Quebec.

One sees on the other hand to what degree it is intellectually dishonest to put the threshold of 55% suggested by the European Union in the case of the referendum held in Montenegro as a precedent having from now on the force of law.

To each their own context

For a long time, we have been told also that the right of peoples to self-determination could be called upon only in cases of peoples in a colonial situation, or when the State which one wishes to leave is not a democracy.

Kosovo is however not a colony, and Serbia of today is an undeniable democracy.

Ah, but Kosovars, they suffered, we are told. That is true, but what is the degree of suffering necessary to qualify oneself? And who ultimately judges?

Beyond the legal aspects, we hear sometimes that the small size and globalization make the statute of a Sovereign state negligible. Kosovars do not seem to think so.

Two conditions

Le Kosovo est-il un cas «particulier» ? Oui et non. Les indépendances survenues récemment dans le monde sont toutes si différentes l’une de l’autre qu’on pourrait raisonnablement plaider que chacune est un cas «particulier».

Est-ce à dire qu’il n’y a pas de règles, que le vide juridique est absolu ? Non plus.

Il existe bien quelques principes de droit international généralement admis en matière de sécession. Mais l’essentiel est que le droit s’ajuste habituellement à la réalité politique, plutôt que l’inverse.

Au fond, deux critères essentiels font foi de tout.

Ceux qui déclarent l’indépendance ont-ils un contrôle effectif sur le territoire qu’ils revendiquent ? Et y a-t-il une volonté politique nette de la part d’une majorité de la population concernée d’accéder à l’indépendance ?

En ces matières, il y a généralement plus de gris que de noir et de blanc. Il faut simplement en être conscient.


This is a translated article of Joseph Facal's blog post Le Kosovo et nous. This is an original and unofficial translation for this site.

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