At present, the 10 Amerindian nations and the Inuit nation, totalling some 70,000 inhabitants, account for approximately 1% of Québec's population.
Note: Indian affairs is a federal jurisdiction in Canada.
In 1985, by a resolution of the National Assembly, the Parliament of Québec recognized the existence of aboriginal nations within Quebec's territory. In virtue of the resolution, the National Assembly recognized:
- the right of the aboriginal peoples to autonomy in Québec;
- the right to their culture, language and traditions;
- the right to own and control land, the right to hunt, fish, harvest;
- the right to participate in the management of wildlife resources;
- the right to participate in the economic development of Québec and to benefit from such development.
That framework was used for the negotiation of various agreements ever since: