Amerindians & Inuit

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In 1985, by a resolution of the National Assembly, the Parliament of Québec recognized the existence of aboriginal nations within Quebec's territory. In virtue of the resolution, the National Assembly recognized:

  1. the right of the aboriginal peoples to autonomy in Québec;
  2. the right to their culture, language and traditions;
  3. the right to own and control land, the right to hunt, fish, harvest;
  4. the right to participate in the management of wildlife resources;
  5. the right to participate in the economic development of Québec and to benefit from such development.

At present, the 10 Amerindian nations and the Inuit nation, totalling some 70,000 inhabitants, account for approximately 1% of Québec's population.

General Resources




Note: Indian affairs is a federal jurisdiction in Canada.

  • The indigenous people of Québec
  • Secretariat aux affaires autochtones
  • Aboriginal Population in Québec
  • Québec Native Women Inc.
  • Aboriginal Population in Québec
  • Quebec and Aboriginal peoples allied once again
  • The Natives in Québec
  • Montreal's First Peoples' Festival


  • Overview
  • Inuit of Canada
  • Inuit Community
  • Makivik Corporation


  • Overview
  • Abenakis Community


  • Overview
  • Algonquins Community
  • Algonquin Anishinabeg Nation Tribal Council
  • Native Languages of the Americas: Algonquin


  • Overview
  • Atikamekw Community
  • Atikamekw Nation Council
  • Native Languages of the Americas: Attikamekw


  • Overview
  • Crees Community
  • Quebec's Northern Crees


  • Overview
  • Wendat Community
  • Huron-Wendat
  • About the Wyandot Nation of Kansas


  • Overview
  • Malecites Community
  • Native Languages of the Americas: Maliseet-Passamaquoddy
  • The Maliseet


  • Overview
  • Micmacs Community
  • Native Languages of the Americas: Mi'kmaq


  • Overview
  • Mohawks Community
  • Iroquois (French)
  • Mohawk Council of Akwesasne
  • Mohawks of Kahnawake
  • Onkwehonwe Artificial Intelligence
  • Iroquois Indians

Innu (Montagnais)

  • Overview
  • Innu Nation
  • Montagnais Community
  • Native Languages of the Americas: Montagnais Innu
  • Quebecers and Innu

Innu (Naskapis)

  • Overview
  • Naskapis Community