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Notes of Alexis de Tocqueville in Lower Canada

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{{title|Notes taken in Lower Canada|[[w:Alexis de Tocqueville|Alexis de Tocqueville]]|Lower Canada, August 24 to September 2, 1831<br /><br /> Partially translated from French by G. Lawrence, <br/ >with corrections and completion by [[User:Mathieugp|Mathieu Gauthier-Pilote]]}}
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Alexis de Tocqueville, the famous author of ''Democracy in America'', left posterity some interesting comments on the British province of Lower Canada, today the Canadian province of Québec, which were for the first time compiled from his travel journal and correspondence in Jacques Vallée's ''Tocqueville au Bas-Canada'' in 1973 and again in 2003 in Claude Corbo's ''Alexis de Tocqueville. Regards sur le Bas-Canada''.
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==2nd September 1831 - Leave Montreal by steamboat ''Voyageur'' for La Prairie ==
[[Image:Tocqueville.jpg|thumb|Alexis de Tocqueville painted by Théodore Chassériau in 1850.]]We have seen a great number of ecclesiastics since our arrival in Canada. It appeared to us that they constituted the first class among the Canadians. All those we have seen were educated, polite, well raised. They speak French with purity. In general they are more distinguised distinguished than most of the curates of France. One can see in their conversation that they are ''all Canadians''. They are united by heart and interests to the population and talk about their needs very well. They however appeared to have a feeling of ''loyalty'' towards the King of England, and in general sustained the principle of legitimacy. Yet one of them told me: "We now have every reason to hope, the ministry is ''democratic''." Today to do opposition, tomorrow they might very well do rebellion if the government were to become tyrannical. ''All in all'', this people prodigiously resembles the French people. Or rather they are still French, trait for trait, and consequently perfectly different from the English populations surrounding them. Gay, lively, mocking, loving glory and noise, intelligent, eminently sociable, their mores are sweet and their character is obliging. The people in general is more moral, more hospitable, more religious than in France. There is only in Canada that one can find what we can call a ''bon enfant'' (good child) in France. The English and the American is either ''coarse'' or ''cold''.
A peasant was telling me: "While we never come an argument with them, the English are not honest."
[[Category:19th century]]
[[Category:Commentaries on Quebec]]
[[Category:1831]]
[[Category:1959]]
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