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The passage of this resolution, which, like the [[Wikipedia:Stamp Act 1765|stamp act]] and [[Wikipedia:Tea Act|tea tax]], violated all principles of freedom, caused great indignation throughout the Province. Lord Gosford himself, who originally recommended the step, was "constrained to admit, that the feeling against the Imperial Parliament, authorizing the taking of the money out of the chest, is very strong." In such a crisis, all eyes were turned on Mr. Papineau. He came forward in consequence, and recommended the people to abstain every where from the use of taxed articles; to encourage domestic manufactures, and ''free'' trade with these states; to withdraw all confidence from the government, and those who held office under it, and finally to ''elect'' their own [[Wikipedia:Justice of the Peace|justices of the peace]], and militia officers. Mr. Papineau, warm with the love of country, went in person from county to county, from one extremity of the Province to the other, preaching a crusade against the liberticide measures of the British ministry, and rousing the dormant energies of the people, into a constitutional opposition. The government affected at first to sneer at the proceedings of the people. Lord Gosford writing in May 1837, described these [[List of the public meetings held in Lower Canada between May and November 1837|public meetings]] as "complete failures." In July he wrote that Mr. Papineau "was losing ground." A few months afterwards, however, he was forced to open his eyes to his error. The non consumption and non intercourse war was waged with such rigid perseverance, that a serious falling off soon became perceptible in the public revenue, and those who held commissions under the Crown resigned ''by counties''. The man who but a short while before was said to be "losing ground," was now denounced by the very governor who before affected to despise his influence. He was accused in despatches to the British minister, as wishing to effect "a separation of the Province from England, and the establishment of a republican form of government," and Lord Gosford, in despair, wrote as follows to the [[Wikipedia:Secretary of State for the Colonies|Colonial Secretary]] in September: "We can now make no terms with Mr. Papineau. You must either put him down, or submit to let him put you down. There is no halting between two opinions." To crown the perfidy with which this nobleman had always acted towards the Canadian people, he recommended in the following month, (six weeks before any collision occurred) the annihilation of the Canadian constitution! Writing on the 12th October, this [[Wikipedia:Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh|Castlereagh]] of Canada says: "The only practical course now open for conducting the affairs of the province, with any benefit to the inhabitants generally, is ''at once to suspend the present constitution.''"
[[Image:Castlereagh.jpg|thumb|Robert Stewart, 2nd Marquess of Londonderry, better know by his courtesy title of Viscount Castlereagh]][[Image:Recompense-tete-a-papineau.jpg|thumb|left|A Proclamation by the Governor Lord Gosford whereby a reward of 4,000 dollars (or 1000 pounds) was promised to the person who would bring Papineau's head]]Shortly after having recommended this aggression on the rights of a whole people, Lord Gosford prepared to wreak vengeance on the man who had presumed to sound the tocsin of alarm, and to awaken his countrymen to the deep and damning degradation, which was preparing for them and their posterity by the British authorities. The slavery of Canada having been decreed, it was deemed proper, that the ablest, the most eloquent, and the most consistent of her advocates should share the common ruin of his country. In the first week of November, a warrant for [[Wikipedia:High treason in the United Kingdom|high treason]] was made out, for the arrest of Louis Joseph Papineau, and a "royal" proclamation issued a few days afterwards offering the sum of ''four thousand dollards'' for his capture. That Providence in whose keeping are the liberties of the human race, has preserved this champion of [[Wikipedia:human rights|human rights]] from harm as yet; notwithstanding warrants and proclamations, which are a disgrace to civilization, Mr. Papineau still remains uncaptured.
Those who have the happiness to be citizens of these free states, and who are strangers, fortunately for themselves, to the miseries which colonists are obliged to endure, may perhaps be anxious to learn, in what consisted the ''high treason'' of which Mr. Papineau is accused, which should consign him and his family to ruin, and blot his country from the map. The treason consisted of assisting at public meetings - in openly addressing those who attended thereat; and calling on them to study economy, to put away all luxury and to make use of those powers which the constitution gave them for their own protection, by abstaining from the use of those articles, the consumption of which contributed to that revenue, which England (wanted)? to dispose of, without the consent of the people of the colony. When Lord Gosford called on the British ministry to "put down" Mr. Papineau, he admitted in the same breath, that the proceedings in Canada, "had not yet reached such a point, as to make it wise, or judicious for the executive to institute legal proceedings against any of the parties concerned" therein, and Lord [[Wikipedia:Charles Grant, 1st Baron Glenelg|Glenelg]], the secretary of state for the colonies, (expressing)?, last December, "the gradual but rapid advance of the enemies of peace and order" - as he is pleased to term those who were opposing his constitutional measures - is obliged to acknowledge that "the complaints were urged under the very forms of the constitution."

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