Si fractus illabatur orbis, <br/>
Impavidum ferient ruinae. <br/>
''[[Wikipedia:Horace|Horace]], B. 3, [http://la.wikisource.org/wiki/Carmina_%28Horatius%29_III%2C_III Ode 3].'' <br/>
[[Image:Joseph-papineau-1825.jpg|thumb|left|Joseph Papineau, notary, Member of the House of Assembly of Lower Canada]][[Image:Louis-joseph-papineau-portrait-in-colour.jpg|thumb|Louis-Joseph Papineau, lawyer, Speaker of the House of Assembly of Lower Canada]]The name of the individual who forms the subject of this brief memoir, has for many years been before the public, and is now familiar with all men's tongues. It will not, therefore, be uninteresting to the American public, to learn a few particulars of one who, by his devotion to American principles, has made himself at once dreaded by the British government, and beloved by the great mass of the people of the Canadas, where he has been, for over a quarter of a century, the steady, unpurchased and unpurchasable champion of [[Wikipedia:Representative democracy|democracy]].
[[Wikipedia:Louis-Joseph Papineau|Louis Joseph Papineau]], [[Wikipedia:Speaker (politics)|speaker]] of the [[Wikipedia:House of Assembly of Lower Canada|house of assembly of Lower Canada]], was born in the city of [[Wikipedia:Montreal|Montreal]], in October 1789[''sic'']. The family had originally emigrated into [[Wikipedia:Canada, New France|Canada]], towards the end of the seventeenth century, from the village of [[Montigny]], near [[Bourdeaux]], in the south of France.
Mr. Papineau's father, [[Wikipedia:Joseph Papineau|Joseph Papineau]], was a [[Wikipedia:notary|notary]]. He is a gentleman of great respectability, and when in public life, was the most influential member of the house of assembly, in which body, he sat from the commencement of the [[Constitutional Act of 1791|Constitution]] in 1791 to 1810, or 1811. Though still in the full possession of all his faculties at the advanced age of 86, he has for many years retired into private life. This venerable patriarch is the father of the Canada constitution. To his exertions, during a series of years, previous to 1790, is that country indebted for the representative form of government, which the [[Wikipedia:British parliament|British parliament]] is now about to destroy. In his youth, he found his country abandoned to a military [[Wikipedia:despotism|despotism]]; his countrymen without any political existence in their native land, and their lives and property at the mercy of every stranger, whom chance or [[Wikipedia:patronage|patronage]] may have drifted on their shores. He exerted himself to procure for them that rank in the [[Wikipedia:body politic|body politic]], which their numbers and wealth entitled them to. He procured for them some political power, by obtaining for them the right of choosing representatives in a colonial assembly. He has lived to see those rights destroyed, and his fellow citizens again driven back, to suffer under that despotism from which he had succeeded about half a century ago in rescuing them. In the words of [[Wikipedia:Henry Grattan|Grattan]], the celebrated Irish patriot, he may truly say, "I have watched by the cradle of my country, and now I follow her hearse!"
== Editor's Notes ==
1 . He was born on October 7, 1786.