Programme of the Rassemblement pour l'indépendance nationale

From Independence of Québec
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Political Programme of the Rassemblement pour l'indépendance nationale

Adopted by the members of the RIN during the annual general assembly held in Montreal on October 20 and 21, 1962. Published in Indépendance, volume 1, numéro 2, November 1962, p. 5-8

Cultural Domain

The sole official language of the State of Québec will be French.

In Free Québec, education will be free at all levels.

Professional orientation will be integrated as part of the whole system of education.

As part of its adult education programme, the State will have to ensure, by means of selection, the training of the technicians and specialists needed by the country.

The organization and functioning of public education must be directed by a ministry of national education.

The State will multiply throughout the country the arts centres, libraries, theatres and museums and help financially the institutions that will participate to its programme of cultural decentralization.

In Free Québec, the State will have to ensure citizens of the various confessions the schools they desire. In virtue of the same principle of respect of beliefs, non-confessional schools will also be created. To apply such a system, the State will have to determine the will of parents, by way of census or other means.

Free Québec will have cultural attachés in all the great countries of the world, particularly in French-language countries as well as international cultural organizations.

Free Québec will negotiate treaties favouring cultural exchanges between various countries, principally French-speaking ones.

In Free Québec, there will be no tax nor income tax on cultural activities, contrary to the present situation.

The State of Québec will establish a national network of radio and television broadcasting, and an organization, politically independent, responsible to watch over these networks and private stations. The national network of the State of Québec will collaborate to the international networks of radio and television broadcasting.

Economic Domain

The government of Québec will create a programme of economic planning founded on the interests of all elements of the population. All economic groups will be consulted as part of the planning process. They will participate through the intermediary of an Economic Orientation Council comprising representatives of the agricultural, commercial, industrial, labour and consumer classes, under the supervision of the government.

The plans proposed by the Economic Orientation Council and by the government's economic planning organizations will be submitted to the National Assembly for discussion and approval.

The government of Québec will establish an Institute of Industrial and Commercial Research. That institute will regularly inform Québec's business men and entrepreneurs of the works destined to improve the quality of the products, increase productivity and promote marketing. It will thus help the private industry to conceive products suited to domestic consumption and export.

The Research Institute will be authorized to entrust of part of its works to specialized University centres.

As part of its economic planning programme, the government of Free Québec will proceed to the modernization of agriculture; it will see that agriculture be planned according to the needs of the country an the interest of farmers so as to increase the consumption of Quebec's agricultural products on the national territory.

To favour the progression of local, regional and national economy, the State will support, through special help and protection, the establishment and development of production and consumers' cooperatives.

In Free Québec, the monopolies of public services will gradually and as possibilities arise become property of the State and will be administered according to common welfare.

The Québec State will define certain conditions and obligations to which foreign companies established in Québec, particularly those exploiting natural resources, will need to submit. Among those conditions, there will be the obligation for these societies to call for the participation of local capital, to reinvest a part of their profit in the country and to give a large place to administrators, managers, technicians and workforce of the country.

The government of Québec will establish a national lottery whose revenues will be used to finance social security.

Social Domain

In Free Québec, citizens, of whatever origin, will enjoy democratic civil rights, that is to say: the right to life, the right to corporal integrity, the right to property, the right to education, freedom of speech including freedom of the press, political liberty which allows any citizen to take part in the public affairs of his country, the freedom of thought and express one's thought, the freedom of conscience and religion, personal liberty which means the right of every citizen to be arrested or detained only in cases and according to the forms provided by the law, the liberty of work which is the right of every citizen to chose an exercise the kind of work that best suit him, the liberty of association, the liberty of meeting which is the right to manifest publicly so long as public order is not troubled. Free Québec will also recognize the right to conscientious objection.

In Free Québec, a woman, from the judicial point of view, will be equal to a man; she will have all the civil and political rights of the citizen. Consequently, she will have access to all employments, and, for the same work she will receive the same salary a man receives.

The State must ensure to the family a living standard conformable to the requirements of human dignity, through social security measures, such as family allowances whose rate is increasing, free medical care, free education and support of family housing.

The principles of penal law must rest on the need to protect society and the rehabilitation of individuals and not on the outdated concept of punishment. Consequently, the penitentiary system must be completed reformed and replaced by a system of social re-education. In addition, the corporal punishments, as well as the methods of weakening the consciousness or destroying the nervous resistance of the individual, must be entirely abolished. In Free Québec, the death penalty will be abolished.

The State must ensure the mentally ill with treatments conformable to the knowledge of modern psychiatry, in view of the reintegration into society. Psychiatric hospitals will participate to the national heath care insurance plan.

The State must ensure the elderly with a quality of life compatible with the requirements of human dignity and conformable to the living standard of the general population.

The State must adopt and rigorously apply a policy of urbanism and housing aiming for the welfare of the population and taking under account the future as well as the immediate needs, a policy to which private interests will be subordinate.

The State must establish a national programme of health care and public welfare providing among other things for free medical and dental care for all citizens. The national health care programme will aim to ensure physical education to the youth, the multiplication of recreation centres, and the support of amateur sports.

So that all salaried workers may protect their interests and defend their right, the State of Free Québec will have to recognize the right to unionize and the right to strike. This principle will equally apply to civil servants and managers. The State will have to see to the maintenance and application of these rights and to the abolition of company union.

Québec workers will have the right to affiliate with international organizations, but the unions of a Free Québec will have to be national and not subject to being controlled by foreign organizations.

All the legislation relative to labour will be updated and coordinated in a labour code.

The social and economic perturbations caused by automation will be the object of special concerns from the government's economic planning organizations whose recommendations will be submitted for the purpose of legislation.

Political Domain

The RIN recommends the establishment in Free Québec of a truly democratic regime, in which the political power will be exercised for the good of the population and will not be at the mercy of money powers.

In Free Québec, the representation of the National Assembly will have to be, as much as possible, proportional to the population.

To adopt urgent measures of national importance on which the people will not have express their opinion, the government will have recourse to the referendum.

The finance of political parties will be subjected to a certain regulation; therefore, parties will be required to submit an annual account of the finances to the State. More over, the electoral expenses will be limited by law and partially assumed by the State. For the purposes of the above regulation, a party will only be recognized officially when it will have a programme democratically approved by its members.

Political corruption which distorts the democratic game constitute a crime against the nation and must entail rigorous sanctions.

In Free Québec, the civil servants will have to be recruited by way of contest according to their competence; their career will have to be withdrawn from the influence of political parties.

In order to free the representatives from administrative constraints which are not their concern, and to allow them to better exert their functions as legislators, the public administration of every district be attributed to an administrator appointed by the State. This measure will have for consequence to bring the administration closer to the population and to shield it from the purely political influences.

Free Québec will ask to be admitted to the United Nations and will work actively, according to its means, within this organization and its affiliated institutions, to promote peace and the reign of justice between peoples.

To express the friendship it feels for the peoples of the two Americas beyond the economic and cultural interests they might share, Free Quebec will adhere to the Organization of American States in order to actively collaborate in the improvement of the fate of all the inhabitants of our continent.

The State of Québec will oppose nuclear experiments and the use of nuclear weapons that put in danger the health and the life of human beings because they constitute crimes against humanity.

Free Québec will reject the recourse to war as a means to solve international conflicts.

Free Québec will recommend a policy of international disarmament with control measures; then, as first steps toward a durable peace, it will refuse to store nuclear weapon on its territory and will declare obsolete all past accords which permitted the storing of arms or installation of military bases for launching offensive or defence missiles, nuclear or not.

Free Québec will strive to devote one part of its national revenue to help less favoured countries, and will endorse in principle the recommendation of the United Nations on this matter, which is to devote at least two percent of its gross national revenue to this cause.

Free Québec recognized the right of all national to liberty and independence, and will oppose imperialism, colonialism and all the regimes that subdue a people the domination of another against its will.

The Rassemblement pour l'indépendance nationale demands total political independence for Québec and proclaims the republic.