Métis Bill of Rights
Métis Nation, as the formal conditions for the entry of Rupert's Land as a province into the Dominion of Canada on December 1, 1869.
- 1. That the people have the right to elect their own legislature.
- 2. That the legislature have the power to pass all laws local to the Territory over the veto of the Executive by a two-thirds vote.
- 3. That no act of the Dominion Parliament (local to the Territory) be binding on the people until sanctioned by the Legislature of the Territory.
- 4. That all Sheriffs, Magistrates, Constables, School Commissioners, etc., be elected by the people.
- 5. A free Homestead and Preemption Land law.
- 6. That a portion of the public lands be appropriated to the benefit of schools, the building of bridges, roads and public buildings.
- 7. That it be guaranteed to connect Winnipeg by rail with the nearest line of railroad, within a term of five years; the land grant to be subject to the Local Legislature.
- 8. That for the term of four years all military, civil and municipal expenses be paid out of the Dominion funds.
- 9. That the Military be composed of the inhabitants now existing in the Territory.
- 10. That the English and French languages be common in the legislature and courts and that all public documents and acts of the legislature be published in both languages.
- 11. That the Judge of the Supreme Court speak the English and French languages.
- 12. That treaties be concluded and ratified between the Dominion Government and the several tribes of Indians in the Territory to ensure peace on the frontier.
- 13. That we have a fair and full representation in the Canadian Parliament.
- 14. That all privileges, customs and usage existing at the time of the transfer be respected.
This meeting took place in Fort Garry on Wednesday, December 1, 1869.
- Manitoba Act, 1870 (What they got instead)
- Quebecers, the Roman Catholic Church and the Manitoba School Question: A Chronology (A glimpse as to how they lost the little they had gotten)
- The Amnesty by Louis Riel (Telling his side of the story)
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